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Insights from our desk

13 reasons why top companies shift to microservices

Mayank Kushwaha

Creative Technology Lead

For businesses, microservices add another layer of benefits in terms of performance, where as speed increases, so does the total productivity of the company.

DON’T BE DECEIVED. Microservices might seem like a term reserved for the card-carrying members of Silicon Valley, but you’ve been immersed in it more than you know. If you’ve ever booked a ride using Uber, relaxed with a bottle of wine and Netflix, or shopped on Ebay or Amazon, then you’ve already participated in a platform that uses the microservices architecture.

What are microservices? If you want to be technical, here’s the definition:

Comprising a software architecture pattern, microservices are small, independent, loosely coupled applications that do one thing well. As opposed to monolithic architecture, written as a cohesive code where you end up having a single point of failure, microservices architecture involves apps that communicate with each other asynchronously. Meaning, if one or some services fail, the entire system will continue to work.

Watch this visual explainer from IBM Think Academy:

Monolithic vs. microservices

If we were to use an analogy loosely in order to describe the difference between monolithic and microservices, a good metaphor could be a company.

Monolithic architecture is like a factory, composed of people who are part of a production line. When one employee—say the person in charge of packing—doesn’t come to work, the entire production line is affected.

On the contrary, microservices architecture is like a startup composed of diverse employees, each with their own expertise, allowed by top management to operate independently because each has a role to play in providing a holistic customer experience. Thus, when one employee calls in sick (say, the salesperson), the other employees (those from marketing or public relations, for example) will still able to face clients.

Benefits of microservices

Already, the biggest companies have adopted this software development technique. In fact, in as early as 2015, 68% of organisations were using or experimenting with microservices.

Here are some of the pros of implementing microservices:

1. Easier to understand

It is always easier to understand small services instead of understanding the whole big system.

2. Easier to update or upgrade

You can deploy an update to one or more services without disturbing others. Want to add a new feature in one service? Let’s put it live!

3. Easier to scale

Since these services are small, it becomes easier to scale, too. You can scale only for the services that need it.

4. Easier to solve

Being independent of each other, when one service fails, only their database goes down, not the entire system.

5. Easier to build on

If you want to build all services on different technology stacks, you are free to use technologies that are best for each service.

Meanwhile for businesses, microservices add another layer of benefits in terms of performance. As speed increases, the total productivity of the company follows.

6. More cost-efficient

Requiring lesser infrastructure cost and with a low application failure rate, microservices allow any change in any module to be introduced without breaking the bank.

7. More independent

Microservices are a godsend for teams who work on various modules from different places.

8. More agile

Legacy systems can be a hurdle to innovation. Microservices can support legacy systems because changes in an application can be done portion by portion, without shocking the entire system.

9. More flexible

You can use a different language or platform for each microservice. While it is still best to stick to a common language, the flexibility can be useful in special cases.

10. More time to market

Because individual microservices are developed by various teams at the same time, the application development can be faster, and can give you more time for other tasks.

11. More enhancements

With smaller, independent microservices, applications can easily be enhanced by simply adding a new microservice that will increase functionality.

12. More robust

Issues can be addressed by concentrating only on microservices affected, without having any impact on the other components.

13. More customisation

You can reuse microservices in other applications where the same functions are required, and you can also reconfigure the composition of an application should it suit another context.

Microservices reflect the ongoing shift in technology, where there is greater demand for businesses to explore the potentials of new techniques so they can deliver to their customers in a better way. If you would like to know more, contact us.

The software industry is a trial-and-error industry—we pick up new stuff every now and then, evaluate their pros and cons, and test them out. That is evolution, and that is how businesses evolve with humans.

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Should brands start throwing cheese onto babies’ faces

Pola Esguerra del Monte

Content Editor

Online, marketing solutions that fetch high traffic include parroting viral topics. For marketers, the backlash on the cheese challenge—with people like Chrissy Teigen expressing their distaste in the prank—raises an important question in digital marketing: if throwing a slice of cheese on a baby’s face is not acceptable content, then what is? Amid the viral “cheese challenge”, it’s time to review the ethics of involving kids in content creation.

Never mind that social media sites require users to be 13 years old and above. In this digital age, children—including babies—are both the subject and the target of content.

And I’m not just talking about catchy tunes about infant sharks, or videos of toddlers running in soft morning light. The latest one to spread like wildfire across social media, sparking thousands upon thousands of imitations worldwide, does not call to mind halcyon summers of childhood but involves the intersection of infants and dairy. Not milk, but cheese. Cheese that is hurled onto a baby’s face.

Over the same weekend, the New York Times ran a story entitled “Online and making thousands at age 4: Meet the Kidfluencers.” A shorthand for “kid” and “influencer”, “Kidfluencer” is a buzzword that describes a person belonging to the youngest segment of social media personalities paid for using or endorsing a product on their respective channels. Under their parents’ watch, children headline content about toy reviews, games, fashion, mischief, and family-friend content in general.

There’s a common thread between the baby-cheese meme and the Times story: they involve children and content.

For marketers, the backlash on the cheese challenge—with people like Chrissy Teigen expressing their distaste in the prank—raises an important question in content creation: if throwing a slice of cheese on a baby’s face is not acceptable content, then what is?

To add to that, the Times raised the following questions in its kidfluencers article: “Should advertisers and brands be able to use young people as influencers on social media? Should companies like Instagram and YouTube revise their policies on advertising and children? Should there be more regulations for the internet and social media to protect children?”

Unlike television, which has rules in place for programmes, actors and actresses, and advertisements, nobody oversees the content that gets published on the internet. Thus, a brand must be responsible enough to police its own content, and make sure that they remain ethical, in order to make the most of their strategy.

Disclosure

YouTube does not allow users under 13 years old to own an account. The same goes for Instagram, but the parents or guardians can get around this by disclosing clearly in the bio that the account is run by them.

Already, brands are paying big money for product placements. Those who target children know that they are putting their advertising money to good use. In a 2017 study, PwC foresaw that the kids’ digital advertising industry will be worth US$1.2 billion this year. Kids are an important market that holds a large influence on parents’ buying decisions, and are future adult consumers as well.

According to the article, an Instagram post could cost between US$10,000 to $15,000, while a YouTube post could ring in US$45,000. The most famous kidfluencer, Ryan ToysReview, who has over 18 million YouTube subscribers as of writing, has made $22 million largely from advertisements, according to Forbes. Thus with big money being poured in this nascent industry, a good first step is seeing to it that the subjects of the content, and the verified profiles where the posts will come out, follow the rules.

The Times also found several paid advertorial videos promoting Mattel, Walmart, Staples, DreamWorks and Claire’s in kidfluencers’ accounts. However, Mattel, the famous makers of Barbie, declined for comment when asked for an interview.

Natural content

For what goes in the post, it is crucial that the content looks and feels natural.

The subject of the lead and the main photograph of the Times article is Samia Ali, the four-year-old YouTube star with 203,000 subscribers and paid deals with Crayola and HomeStyle Harvest chicken nuggets.
From her, we take away an important lesson in content creation with children: it must seem natural. In the article, Samia’s parents remarked that the there are cases where brands seek to relay messages that are not “kid talk.”

This is also applicable to the cheese challenge. While the meme does not necessarily depict violence or nudity, and one cannot merely report it as offensive, it is unnatural and quite rude. And while it may be humorous to some, it can make other people uncomfortable. This could be a marker that this kind of content may not work, as it might attach negative vibes to the brand.

Values

Meanwhile in an article entitled “How Parents of Child Influencers Package Their Kids’ Lives for Instagram”, The Atlantic emphasised how the youngest influencers in fact owe their fame to “their parents’ intense work behind the scenes”.

The parents behind the account @ministylehacker, for example, boast of sponsorship by retailers like Jessica Alba’s The Honest Company and eBay, but they clarified that they select only companies that accurately represent the family’s values. They shy away from products that might embarrass their kids when they grow up.

Brands, thus, must make sure that they align their values to their targeted kidfluencers, or make sure to exhibit those values in their own content involving kids.

In the case of the cheese challenge, it seems like a cheese brand has stepped up to settle the issue once and for all. After tweeting a video featuring the original cheese baby wearing a branded shirt, Kraft had this to say:

The cheese challenge could stand as a metaphor for serving up content. At the end of the day, brands throw their content into the abyss that is social media, not knowing how the consumer will react. But if content is cheese, then brands must choose their cheese well. Or, better yet, brands must not throw the cheese and instead, handle and serve it well, reflecting the way both food and babies should be treated: with respect.

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